1954 Fiat 8V

Fiat 8V 1954 - Car Journals
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Named after the peculiar 70 degree V8 engine, Fiat 8V, or Otto Vù, was released at the 1952 Geneva Auto Show, positioned as a luxury grand touring sports car, and with a fully independent suspension from the Fiat 1100 and 124 mph top speed, it was competitive in the two-liter classes winning the Italian GT Championship in 1954. By the time it was withdrawn from production in 1954, only of the 114 high-performance coupés were produced, but nevertheless, Fiat 8V continued to dominate the Italian 2-litre GT championship every year until 1959. Standard specification of V8’s produced 105bhp at 5,600rpm and Fiat offered a factory option with twin Weber carburetors producing 115bhp.

Fiat 8V 1954 - Car Journals
Fiat 8V 1954 © M. Ruvidic Car Journals

Some engines were fitted with huge four-throat Weber 36 IF4/C carburetors offering 120 bhp, but the intake manifold was very rare. The engine is fit into a standard steel tube chassis with the Fiat 1100 suspension components. The fabrication of the chassis was farmed out to Giorgio Ambrosini’s Siata, the tuning specialists that had long served as Fiat’s in-house competition and customization department. The 8V‘s tipo 106 chassis was one the world’s most advanced, on a par with the finest constructions from Ferrari or Maserati with four-wheel independent suspension (a Fiat first), and Borrani wire wheels with Rudge knock-off hubs. Completed chassis were sent to the Carrozzerie Speciali FIAT in Lingotto, where they were clothed with an elegant new coupe design by Fabio Lucio Rapi that was aerodynamically fine-tuned in the Turin wind tunnel.

Fiat 8V 1954 rear view - Car Journals
Fiat 8V 1954 rear view © M. Ruvidic Car Journals

The 1996cc Ottu Vù engine was designed by Dante Giacosa in aluminum alloy. Its short stroke was suitable for high-revs and a steep power curve. The 8V engine wasn’t used in any other Fiat model, but because of its narrow dimensions several other companies adopted the design including Siata for their 208S. An interesting fact, Fiat outsourced many 8V bodies to the Italian design houses, which means that no two cars are alike and each has a unique style.

Fiat 8V 1954 in driving - Car Journals
Fiat 8V 1954 in driving © M. Ruvidic Car Journals

Engine:

V8 1996 cc

Power: 103 hp (77 kW)

Torque max: 146 Nm

Transmission: 4-speed manual

Performance:

Top speed: 180 km/h (112 mph)

Accelerations: 0- 100 km/h 11 s; 0- 60 mph 10.4 s

Dimensions:

Length: 4,060 mm (159.8 in)

Width: 1,500 mm (59.1 in)

Height: 1,260 mm (49.6 in)

Wheelbase: 2400 mm (94.5 in)

Weight: 997 kg (2198 lbs)

 

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